The Railway Recruitment Board, Patna's genesis can be traced back to 1961 when a small office of Railway Service Commission was established at Danapur which had an Assistant secretary and a few class III and class IV staff. This sub office continued up to 1981 assisting the Railway service commission, Calcutta, Allahabad and Muzaffarpur in recruiting the candidates of all communities of Bihar State.
But the real Railway Service Commission was born in 1981 when Railway Board vide its letter dated 17th March, 1981 notified about its creation. The Railway Service Commission, Calcutta which had been serving the Eastern and South Eastern Railways and the Chittaranjan Locomotive works was split up into two separate Commissions for the two Railways. The existing Organisation at Calcutta was to look after South Eastern Railway and Chittaranjan Locomotive Works. A new Railway Service Commission at Danapur was to look after the recruitment of Group 'C' staff for Eastern Railway. The recruitment work for Non-technical popular categories in respect of Danapur and Dhanbad divisions which had been entrusted to Railway Service Commission, Muzaffarpur was also handed over to the new Commission at Danapur.
The new Railway Service Commission at Danapur started functioning in full-fledged manner on 16th May, 1981. Subsequently, Railway Board vide its letter dated 31st July 1981 also gave to the Railway Service Commission, Danapur the power to make recruitment for Chittaranjan Locomotive Works. The Railway Board's letter dated 30th June, 1981 also transferred the administrative control of Railway Service Commission, Ranchi from Railway Service commission, Calcutta to Railway Service Commission, Danapur.
Creation of Railway Service Commission
The Railway Service commission, Danapur found the small office at the back of DRM Office, Danapur too small to execute its responsibilities. In November, 1981, therefore, the Railway Service Commission, Danapur was shifted in a private building on Jamal Road in Patna. Along with its shifting to Patna the Railway Service commission, Danapur was re-christened as Railway Service Commission, Patna vide the Railway Board's letter dated 19th December, 1981.
However, in 1982, the Railway Service Commission, Patna's jurisdiction was severely cut. The Railway Board vide its letter dated 23rd September, 1982 limited the jurisdiction to only Dhanbad, Danapur and Mughalsarai divisions of Eastern Railway and Katihar division of the Northeast Frontier Railway. The remaining work load was transferred to Railway Service Commission, Calcutta. Thus the Railway Service Commission, Patna was given only one fourth of its previous work load. Accordingly, the staff strength was also curtailed. Several representations were made to Railway Board to restore the jurisdiction of Railway service Commission, Patna. But it had no effect.
In 1985, the Railway Service Commission, at Ranchi became a full-fledged Railway Service Commission which was to fill only ST vacancies. Thus ST vacancies pertaining to Dhanbad, Danapur, Mughalsarai of Eastern Railway and Katihar Division of Northeast Frontier Railway were also transferred to Railway Service Commission, Ranchi.
Re-naming as Railway Recruitment Board
The Railway Service Commission, Patna was re-christened on 2/1/1985 as Railway Recruitment Board, Patna as per directive of Railway Board. In the year 1985, the other eventful mark in Railway Recruitment Board, Patna's history was that its office was shifted to the Railway building in Mahendrughat on 31/7/1985 from a private building at Jamal Road.
Since then, the Railway Recruitment Board, Patna has been functioning in the same building and discharging its responsibilities of making recruitment selections for its present jurisdiction of Danapur, Mughalsarai, Dhanbad Divisions (East Central Railway) & Head Quarter of East Central Railway and Katihar Division (Northeast Frontier Railway).